By David E. Luscombe
Peter Abelard performed many analyses of Scriptural and Patristic teachings, and completed an intensive rapprochement among Christian and pagan concept. His public occupation used to be resulted in 1140 via an ecclesiastical condemnation, yet this touched upon the vital concerns dealing with the early leaders of the medieval scholastic move and Abelard's personal teachings endured to be debatable. Dr Luscombe considers the impression of Abelard's crucial teachings between his contemporaries and successors. his goal is to give an explanation for the conflicting estimates of Abelard which have been present within the 12th century and later, and to supply a whole account of the writings and sundry fortunes of Abelard's disciples. He additionally examines the manuscript culture of Abelard's paintings and that of his fans. The condemnation of 1140 repudiated Abelard's prime doctrines. This led a few of Abelard's disciples to partially retreat from the placement in their grasp, while a few selected to evolve and expand his teachings.
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Extra resources for The School of Peter Abelard: The Influence of Abelard's Thought in the Early Scholastic Period (Cambridge Studies in Medieval Life and Thought: Second Series, Volume 14)
79-80: 'Celestinus, qui alio nomine magister Guido de Castellis nominatus est. Hie vero prelacione ABELARD S fans 21 consecration rite on the abbey of Morigny within the archdiocese of Sens within the 12 months 11311 and man used to be back in France for numerous months on a undertaking in 1139-40. 2 it truly is most probably hence that man had shaped his friendship with Abelard during one in every of his visits to France and, in view of Bernard's motion, they had met jointly in 1139-40. yet this doesn't seem to have compromised Guy's attractiveness in Rome for in 1143 he used to be elected pope as Celestine II. additionally, within the earlier yr Gerhoh of Reichersberg seems to have had no suspicions approximately Guy's orthodoxy for he wrote a tract opposed to the lessons of Gilbert of Poitiers, whom Gerhoh elsewhere3 hyperlinks with Abelard as a propagator of heretical teachings, and he committed his paintings, the Libellus de ordine donorum sancti spiritus, to grasp man. four man is the one affiliate of Abelard, with the exception of Heloise, who's identified to have possessed copies of Abelard's writings. Dom Andre Wilmart chanced on in a manuscript of the 13th century a listing of the books owned via him and bequeathed on his dying in 1144 to the church of Citta di Castello the place he had 1 either Mols and Wilmart overlook to say this celebration, yet see Chronicon Mauriniacensis, ed. Mirot, p. fifty three: 'AfFuerunt. . . diaconi cardinales. . . Guido de titulo Sancte Marie in through lata . . . ' ; and for Abelard's presence see Mirot, p. fifty four (cited above, p. three, n. 4). 2 Mols, 'Celestin II', col. fifty nine. three 'Fumant scolae plures in Francia et aliis terris consistent with maxime a duabus caudis ticionum fumigentium videlicet Petri Abaiolardi et episcopi Gilliberti', Gerhoh of Reichersberg, Liber de novitatibus, c. 20, ed. E. Sackur, Libelli selecti, p. 301. four Ed. D. & O. Van den Eynde and A. Rijsmersdael, Gerhohi praepositi Reicherspergensis opera inedita, 1, 63-165. at the identity of Cardinal Guido pointed out within the beginning of Gerhoh's paintings with man of Castello and at the date of composition (1142) see P. Classen, Gerhoch von Reichersberg, pp. 340 and 412 respectively. Later man, as pope, despatched a letter of encouragement to Gerhoh (PL. 195, 1105D-1106B). ilia dignissimus erat, quoniam ei tria, que inter homines pene habentur precipua, simul confluxerant, celebremque magistrum reddiderant: nobilitas scilicet generis, mentis industria in omni statu equalis, litterarum quoque, quarum doctrine intentissimus fuit, sciencia multiformis. ' This a part of the chronicle, ebook III, was once written through a monk of Morigny after 1149 yet sooner than 1151 (Mirot, pp. xii, xiii). Bernard of Clairvaux additionally supplies man the name of magister within the letter stated. 22 the varsity OF PETER ABELARD been a canon. 1 right here we discover recorded Abelard's Theologia and Sic et Non. A much less discreet organization with Abelard was once pursued by way of Hyacinth Boboni who vigorously defended Abelard opposed to Bernard yet who turned a cardinal quickly after Abelard's demise and lots of years later (in 1191) pope as Celestine III. 2 Hyacinth have been born within the early years of the century right into a noble Italian kinfolk.