Minority Studies

Download E-books The Atlanta Riot: Race, Class, and Violence in a New South City (Southern Dissent) PDF

By Gregory Mixon

Gregory Mixon lines the roots of the Atlanta revolt of 1906, exploring the tricky political, social, and concrete stipulations that resulted in one of many defining occasions of race kin in southern and African-American background. On September 22, 1906, a number of thousand white Atlantans rioted, ostensibly simply because they believed that black males had dedicated "repeated attacks at the white ladies of Fulton County," in line with newspapers on the time. 4 days after the bloodbath started, 32 humans had died and 70 have been wounded.
Mixon recognizes the normal interpretation of things that brought on the riot--postbellum race relatives and the codification of Jim Crow, an inflammatory press, and the race-baiting strategies of the gubernatorial applicants Hoke Smith and Clark Howell. yet he argues complicated coalition of Atlanta's white advertisement and civic leaders additionally contributed to political divisions inside Georgia's Democratic social gathering and to the rebellion to boot. As Atlanta's elite crafted new sorts of segregation and modes of disempowering blacks (and additionally working-class whites), Mixon says, their machinations led on to the tragedy.
At the flip of the twentieth century, urbanization and industrialization have been altering Atlanta's racial obstacles, and black Atlantans aspired to be urban developers either of their neighborhoods and in larger Atlanta. They competed with whites for jobs and public house. The turning out to be autonomy and political effect of blacks threatened white supremacy, Mixon says, and the violence of 1906 used to be an test by way of Atlanta's elites to reaffirm their dominance.
 Mixon additionally records the activism of the city's black elite, specifically professors and directors at Atlanta college, together with W.E.B. Du Bois and John wish, and ministers, such a lot significantly Rev. Henry Hugh Proctor. whereas they defended all blacks opposed to notions of racial inferiority and labored to enhance the lives of the bad and uneducated of either races, they still criticized participants of the black operating type for "irregular" paintings conduct and "destructive" use in their relaxation hours.
Looking at either white and black concerns within the progress of Atlanta, this booklet establishes a context for racial violence within the urban, the kingdom, and the area. It additionally increases broader questions of conflicting agendas between whites and blacks that outlined exertions, politics, and concrete house within the New South.
 
 

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