By Robert J. Lang
The connections among origami, arithmetic, technological know-how, know-how, and schooling were a subject matter of substantial curiosity now for numerous a long time. whereas many people have occurred upon discrete connections between those fields in the course of the 20th century, the sphere fairly took off while formerly remoted members started to strengthen connections with one another via a sequence of meetings exploring the hyperlinks among origami and "the outdoors world." The Fourth overseas assembly on Origami in technological know-how, arithmetic, and schooling (4OSME), held in September, 2006, on the California Institute of expertise in Pasadena, California, introduced jointly an unheard of variety of researchers proposing on issues starting from arithmetic, to know-how, to academic makes use of of origami, to fantastic artwork, and to laptop courses for the layout of origami. chosen papers according to talks awarded at that convention make up the ebook you carry on your palms.
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Additional info for Origami 4 (Origami (AK Peters))
Witten. “Stress Focusing in Elastic Sheets. ” Rev. Mod. Phys seventy nine (2007), 643–675. ✐ ✐ ✐ ✐ ✐ ✐ ✐ ✐ 116 II. Origami and know-how  S. M. Yang, I. Sokolov, N. Coombs, C. T. Kresge, and G. A. Ozin. “Formation of hole Helicoids in Mesoporous Silica: Supramolecular Origami. ” Adv. Mater. eleven (1999), 1427–1431.  Y. W. Zhang and N. C. Seeman. “Construction of a DNA-Truncated Octahedron. ” JACS 116 (1994), 1661–1669.  T. C. Zook and G. T. Pickett. “‘Hollow-Core’ Dendrimers Revisited. ” Phys. Rev. Letts. ninety (2003), 015502. ✐ ✐ ✐ ✐ ✐ ✐ ✐ ✐ Expandable Tubes with detrimental Poisson’s Ratio and Their program in medication Zhong You and Kaori Kuribayashi 1 advent in particular designed fabrics can express a transverse growth whilst stretched. This habit should be defined by means of a adverse Poisson’s ratio, regularly deﬁned because the ratio among the destructive transverse pressure and the longitudinal pressure. a few polymers came across via Lakes  have such estate. In a separate paper , Lakes confirmed a two-dimensional model of the micro-structure of the fabrics such as a honeycomb with inverted cells and the potential conversion to a third-dimensional constitution with inwardly bulging cells. the following, we document that an identical procedure can be utilized in origami to create expandable tubes with a destructive Poisson’s ratio in response to folding styles for ﬂat paper and their software as deployable stents in drugs. Many folding styles for ﬂat paper could lead on to an total unfavorable Poisson’s ratio. general examples are available in a few of the map folding styles together with the well known Miura-ori during which the folded paper can extend in orthogonal instructions concurrently via out-of-plane movement. it's been suggested variety of folding styles for ﬂat sheets is usually applied for the folding of cylinders. Fujimoto and Nishiwaki ﬁrst explored this chance. of their e-book released in 1982 , they offered 117 ✐ ✐ ✐ ✐ ✐ ✐ ✐ ✐ 118 II. Origami and know-how a variety of folding styles for ﬂat sheet and their transformation to tubes by means of becoming a member of jointly edges of the paper. comparable options have additionally been pronounced by means of different authors . The suggested paintings focuses totally on the creative element of the folding cylinders. many of the styles, together with the single in accordance with Miura-ori, bring about cylinders that are thoroughly inflexible or own little growth. however, a couple of styles do allow the diameter of the tubes to change. This estate makes the compact packaging of tubes attainable. extra importantly, many of the expandable tubes have an total unfavorable Poisson’s ratio, i. e. , either the size and diameter elevate in the course of enlargement. Many strength functions concerning expandable cylindrical constructions exist in drugs just because the human physique consists of an intensive pipe community. With the development of minimally invasive surgical procedure, it turns into attainable to bring those constructions to the diseased websites to regard convinced health problems, only if they are often packaged right into a very small quantity.