By Hagen Kleinert
This e-book lays the principles of the idea of fluctuating multivalued fields with various purposes. so much favourite between those are phenomena ruled by way of the statistical mechanics of line-like gadgets, comparable to the section transitions in superfluids and superconductors in addition to the melting strategy of crystals, and the electromagnetic power as a multivalued box which may produce a condensate of magnetic monopoles. furthermore, multivalued mappings play a very important position in deriving the actual legislation of subject coupled to gauge fields and gravity with torsion from the legislation of loose subject. via cautious research of every of those functions, the ebook therefore offers scholars and researchers with supplementary examining fabric for graduate classes on section transitions, quantum box idea, gravitational physics, and differential geometry.
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