Environmental Studies

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Eternally coated in ice and snow, the mountainous Antarctic Peninsula stretches southwardd in the direction of the South Pole the place it merges with the biggest and coldest mass of ice wherever on the earth. but faraway from being an otherworldly "Pole Apart," the quarter has the main contested political historical past of any a part of the Antarctic Continent. because the commence of the 20 th century, Argentina, Britain, and Chile have made overlapping sovereignty claims, whereas the U.S. and Russia have reserved rights to the whole continent. the surroundings has been on the center of those disputes over sovereignty, putting the Antarctic Peninsula at a desirable intersection among diplomatic heritage and environmental background.

In Frozen Empires, Adrian Howkins argues that there was a basic continuity within the ways that imperial powers have used the surroundings to aid their political claims within the Antarctic Peninsula zone. British officers argued that the creation of precious clinical wisdom in regards to the Antarctic helped to justify British possession. Argentina and Chile made the case that the Antarctic Peninsula belonged to them due to geographical proximity, geological continuity, and a common experience of connection. regardless of numerous demanding situations and claims, notwithstanding, there hasn't ever been a real decolonization of the Antarctic Peninsula sector. as a substitute, imperial assertions that respective entities have been carrying out technology "for the great of humanity" have been reformulated throughout the phrases of the 1959 Antarctic Treaty, and Antarctica's "frozen empires" stay in position to today. In arguing for imperial continuity within the area, Howkins counters the legitimate old narrative of Antarctica, which rests on a dichotomy among "bad" sovereignty claims and "good" medical learn. Frozen Empires in its place means that technology, politics, and the surroundings were inextricably hooked up in the course of the heritage of the Antarctic Peninsula region--and stay so--and indicates how political status within the guise of engaging in "science for the nice of humanity" keeps to steer overseas weather negotiations.

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