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Have Beata Villana, who used to be my neighbor, a tender Florentine girl, and she or he used to dres just like the others, and now she is already feasted as a saint; St. Dominic stands aside"; F. Sacchet, op. cit. , 217. due to F. nlinda Campani and Christine Andrade for his or her translation of this esy from Italian. - Frugoni: "New" Saints Fig. 1 San Gimignano, Museo civico, Taddeo di Bartolo, San Gimignano (detail from San Gimignano and episodes of his life). 89 90 cognizance and illustration Figs. 2 and three San Gimignano, Museo civico, NiccolI'> Gerini, Episodes from the lifetime of Saint Fina. Frugoni: "'New" Saints Fig. four Treviso, The church of Saint Catherine, Tommaso da Modena, Sa int Catherine of Alexandria with the version of Treviso. ninety one City and Citizen: altering Perceptions within the 15th and 16th Centuries ALISON BROWN OTIDNG SERVES higher to conjure up photographs of one's cherished urban than absence from it. "I love as a rule all our city's males, the legislation, the customs, the partitions, the homes, the streets, the church buildings and the countryside," Francesco Vettori wrote to Machiavelli from Rome in 1513. "Nor could 1 have higher displeasure than to imagine this urban needed to endure and these items . .. cross in ruins. "1 Leon Battista Alberti, born an exile from Florence, idea that the best of all pleasures for a civilized guy used to be to "wander via towns and provinces" and gaze on " the temples, the theaters, N structures of each variety made satisfying to examine through guy and nature. "2 For Machiavelli, it used to be the hustle and bustle and changeability of city lifestyles that individual " sizeable towns" like Florence, Rome, and Athens from "these deserts of Arabia" in provincial Carpi;l and a similar characteristics additionally made Florence or "as it'd be Rome or Pisa" - the usual atmosphere for comedy, one other of the sights of urban lifestyles. four this offers a clue to the analogy among historic and medieval urban states at one point of civic recognition, as a shared reminiscence of urban lifestyles. It was once their measurement, their constructions, their legislation, and their customs that enabled towns like Rome, Venice, and Florence to spot w�th Rome and Athens and suppose 1 . 20 August 1513, ed. F. Gaeta, Machiavelli, Lettere, (Milan, 1961) 285: "Arno generalmente tutti gli huomini di quella pa cina nostraJ, Ie leggi, i costumi, Ie mura, Ie case, Ie vie Ie chiese et iI contado, ne posso havere il maggior dispiacere che pensare quella havere a ttibolare et quelle cose havere andare in ruina. " 2 . De commodis IitteTarum atque ;ru;ommodis, ed. L. G. Carotti (Florence, 1976) 50: "Etenim voluptatum prestantissiina et Iibero homine digna una ilia est consistent with urbes provinciasque vagari, multa et templa et theatra, menia atque omnium generwn edificia spectare, locaque ambire, que tum natura amenissima, grata munitissima, tum manu et ingenio hominum fuerint advert conspectum pulcra. " three. As he instructed a friar disappointed with the fickleness of prostitutes in Florence, letter to F. Guicciardini, 1 eight could 1521, Lettere, 409-10. four. los angeles Mandragola, in eleven Tea tro e tutti gli scritti letteTari, ed.