By Lawrence Kohlberg (auth.), Gerhard Zecha, Paul Weingartner (eds.)
Value switch and uncertainty in regards to the validity of conventional ethical convictions are usually saw whilst medical re seek confronts us with new ethical difficulties or demanding situations the ethical accountability of the scientist. Which ethics is to be depended on? Which rules are the main average, the main humane ones? For wish of a suitable solution, ethical specialists of ten element to judgment of right and wrong, the person judgment of right and wrong, which appears man's distinctive, without delay obtainable and ultimate resource of ethical competition. yet what's intended via 'conscience'? there's infrequently a concept as universal and whilst debatable as that of judgment of right and wrong. within the heritage of ethics we will distinguish a number of traits within the interpretation of the idea that and serve as of moral sense. The Greeks used the be aware O"uvEt81lm~ to indicate one of those 'accompa nying wisdom' that as a rule mentioned negatively skilled habit. In Latin, the expression conscientia intended a understanding jointly pointing past the person attention to the typical wisdom of different humans. within the Bible, in particular within the New testomony, O"uvEt81l0"t~ is used for the guiding con sciousness of the morality of one's personal action.